This project using sand casting(scratch mold) and aluminum foundry pour focused on performative aspects of sculpture. This project was particularly tricky because there were specific deadlines to follow, for example, when to finish creating the scratch mold, and when to be prepared for aluminum pour. The timelines were very exact and everyone in class had to follow them with no exceptions. From this project I learned how to mix resin, catalyst, and sand to harden and ultimately make a sand mold, how to forge metal rods to create a sculpting tool, and how the foundry works to melt / pour aluminum. Again, I utilized using threaded cold joints to put together the parts I sculpted separately to make an enclosed aluminum box. I learned how to solder wires from another class this semester, and because I’ve been soldering things all the time, I thank the other class for giving me the inspiration for this project. For this project focusing on the performative aspects, I created a “time bomb” with a kitchen timer and abundant amount of wires. I threw the viewers in a secluded, dimly lit area underneath a staircase and told them abruptly that they must cut the right wire at the right location in order to deactivate the time bomb. To control the speed of this performance, I limited for only one person to cut one wire, one at a time. Despite my warning of “cutting the right wire at the right location”, in reality, there were only 4 wires that actually altered the destiny of the time bomb while there were more than 20 other decoy wires that lead to absolutely nowhere.

    It was really delightful to see how people were really excited about this idea. However, I could improve a lot more in terms of delivery of instructions. Instead of shoving them all in one area and blurting out the instructions(I thought it would cause confusion but due to lack of conversation about my project I’m assuming that perhaps some people were too confused about what’s going on), I could’ve delivered the instructions beforehand in a separate room and urge everyone to run to the time bomb to see what kind of strategies rises to deactivate the bomb. Also, the wire cutter I had placed was fairly dull which I think successfully provided a sense of frustration of whoever was on the spot trying to cut the wires. Viewers commented that it was hard to access the object because the space I set this up at was so cramped. On the other hand, other viewers said that this felt more natural, and produced more anxiety and fear. After the “official” critique, a fellow classmate came up to me and asked about the figurative component of the “face” of the object, and I explained that this was derived from the “mouth of truth” in Rome, and that it used in ancient Roman as a torturing tool where a fraud would put their hand inside the mouth to get their hand chopped off. He expressed amazement about the meaning and disappointment about the fact that the class was primarily focused on the wire and time bomb aspect, when there were clearly some more meaning behind the face. While this was an extremely kind gesture, I believe that the face not being mentioned during the critique meant that the viewers really harnessed the fear and anxiety produced by the object, which was the main show anyway. Also, the other viewer pointed out that the combination of the craft with the face and the environment worked successfully, so I don’t think my work behind the face-sculpting disappeared in vain. While this object provided fear and anxiety, it was also delightful to see that this was fun, in a way like an escape room game. It was lovely to see people working together as a team trying to find the right wires. 


These are the insides of the kitchen timer I utilized


the wires that actually alters the life of the kitchen timer, pre-existing wires were cut open and stripped for extension soldering.


the addition of ton of “decoy” wires melted straight on top of the plastic that leads to absolutely nowhere





    This project using wood was primarily focused on how object and gravity worked together. Incorporating a “found object” and using 1x8x10’ plank of pine, I created two structures that can’t stand on their own, but could stand upright using each other’s presence. The structure needed to be as tall as myself(5’6) or as wide as my height, and the final result of the structure easily exceeded the dimension requirement using minimal materials. Previously before this project, I already knew how to use a bandsaw as well as miter saw(chop saw), but I have not used nail guns or the table saw before. Mainly for my previous wood projects I utilized drills and nails, but I newly learned making various types of joints(compound joints, butt joints, miter joints) using the nail gun and wood glue. The wooden structures were made with thin bars of pine wood that were put together by multiple butt joints and miter joints. Because both wooden structures included similar components like the unclosed rectangular hooks on the top and the closed rectangular feet to ensure more surface area for secure balance, in theory, these two wooden structures were similar. However, the slight modifications in their design allowed for these two structures to stand together, clasping with the corresponding spiral joints and securing the “found object”, a clear bowl of water, at the foot in a stable manner.

    During the critique, my peers reacted positively to the simplicity of the structure. Viewers loved the top joints, the spiral of right angles, and the delicacy, the airiness, the whimsical but not anxious interaction these joints provided. The joints were also perceived to resemble a shape of a heart, and also to deliver feeling of relationship. The balance was perceived to be a bit off(this structure was leaning backwards), because of the extension between the balancing point and the connection of the joints. This unstableness provided a clumsy moment but elegantly composed structure, and the structure could be read differently from different angles. When a viewer wished that there would be more elements reflecting the nature of water, I pointed out that the triangular shape of the sculpture of the top and bottom shares one congruent angle and two congruent plank for the sides and therefore is a similar triangle. This reflection of the triangular shapes showed the rational reasoning behind the structure, which maybe was not clear enough. During the process of making this project I recall being frustrated at how fragile the wooden structures could be. At some point I got so frustrated and abused the nail gun and just nailed the wood excessively and therefore some of the joints are a bit messy. I was also really anxious during the critique, because this object didn’t have stable structural integrity, so if someone were to just breathe next to it, it would tip over and crash. Hopefully more precision and more stable bottoms would’ve fixed this problem, but I was happy that I still exchanged the simplicity of this project with the structural stability, which I think was a pretty fair deal. Main takeaway was to learn from the accidents that came along with the fabrication / production of the objects, the importance to identify them, thinking about what they are actually doing, and learning to utilize those accidents.





    This project using steel put together with hot joints and cold joints focused on site specificity. I learned basically everything from scratch for this project, because never before I knew any aspects of metal working except for that one day in high school where I got to use a plasma cutter. For this project I learned how to utilize the horizontal bandsaw, vertical bandsaw, various sanding tools, angle grinder, die grinder, welding to make hot joints, rivets, taps and dies to make cold joints. Basically I came in without knowing a single thing about metal working and came out the other side feeling pretty proficient. Given 1 piece of 1/4” x 10’ rod, and 1 piece of 1” x 1/8” x 10’ flat bar, I pondered with the idea of creating a sundial at the vicinity of the Station Building, and then later on I merged the idea of a sundial along with the telescope that pointed to the clock tower of the Station Building. I created this metal structure by bending multiple pieces of steel rods into circular shapes and welding them together to make series of orbits. Later, I joined them altogether with the flat bars to make a telescope shape. Finally I put together a pair of legs using threaded cold joints for it to stand on its own.

     Viewers were impressed with my presentation of the surrounding flower trees as well as a structure “majestically standing” on the top of the hill. Viewers reacted positively to the planetary resemblance of the circles, but were unsure about how this was “site specific”. Although they commented that the concrete patch framed this sculpture well, they advised that utilizing the preexisting holes on the patch would make this structure more grounded. They pointed out that it was specific to something far away, but was unsure why out of all place was this concrete patch selected. They also suggested that it’d be interesting if the orbits actually did pivot, by taking actual revolving orbits and utilizing them as found objects. However they did comment that this created an interesting image, which suggested an elegant and narrative meaning. However, the element of time should’ve been more site specific, and the orientation of the shadows could’ve been utilized more. They were also intrigued with the idea of looking through a telescope but not being able to actually do it. While it was perceived as a functional object it was only serving aesthetic object, because it was not precise enough with the aim of the telescope to be functional. There were some appreciative feedbacks concerning the scientific nature of this project, but I don’t remember myself being too pleased with this project. I knew that the “site specificity” aspect of this project was pretty fickle — because I over thought this I believe the element of site specificity has disintegrated. 




    This project using mapping was very open and was not media specific. Due to the short nature of this assignment, I followed the first idea that popped into my head. My sister and I have a now 6 year old “tradition” of calling each other whenever we are walking in a scary area at night alone, and I decided to create a Unity environment following that phone call. Although I gave my sister a heads up that I’ll be recording our call, she ignored my text and answered the phone very, very naturally, which was casual and raw. I had very shallow experience with Unity before, and I simply taught myself again how to use them and incorporated that to create a 3D space inside a computer. The user of this application has to go through a night-time foliage environment that hosts various moving objects such as wolves, jellyfishes, sharks, snakes, and giant spiders, which are considered to hold “frightening” images. The audio output includes my phone call with my sister while I was walking outside at night. Listening to this, the users must go through this uncomfortable forest following the street lamps. It was really unexpected that the floating rocks were a compelling element from this project for the viewers, because the floating nature of the rocks was totally not intentional. If I had more time I’d make game objects more animated, to provide more imminent feeling to the threat.